Nearly eighty percent of individuals in federal prison for drug offenses are Black or Latino. The War on Drugs, a global campaign started by President Nixon, had an objectively moral goal: reducing the illegal drug trade in the United States. However, in reality, the results of the campaign sparked inequalities in sentencing regimes, which has led to a disproportionate incarceration of minority groups. Most notably, there was a 100-to-1 sentencing disparity between crimes involving crack cocaine (crack) and crimes involving powder cocaine. While this distinction historically claimed to address the theory that powder cocaine has more dangerous health effects; it was instead a notorious façade for incarcerating Black Americans and other minority groups at higher rates than non-minority groups. Although legislative efforts sought to address this disparity after studies disproved the original justifications for the differences in sentences, the racial divide remains.

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