Claire Hawley


While students in public school still retain certain constitutional rights, these rights are not coextensive to those of adults in other settings. This is largely due to the traditional deference in American jurisprudence to school officials on decisions of student discipline. This deference is generally understood to reflect the uniquely difficult nature of student discipline, which involves the delicate balancing of students’ constitutional right to a public education with their right to a safe learning environment.

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