In 2011, the Eastern District of the Missouri Court of Appeals summarized and clarified the issue of which court has jurisdiction to determine jurisdiction. After Cooper v. Chrysler Group, LLC, it is clear that a Missouri circuit court must yield to the Commission when the jurisdiction-determining issue is one of fact. However, a circuit court can nevertheless review jurisdictional issues of law. An important question remains, however: will a circuit court distinguish between issues of fact and issues of law if an affirmative defense is not timely raised by the employer?
N. Drew Kemp,
Exclusively Confusing: Who Has Jurisdiction to Determine Jurisdiction under the Missouri Workers' Compensation Law,
78 Mo. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/mlr/vol78/iss3/7