Military justice serves a different purpose than civilian justice and its form reflects that distiction. Designed to promoted good order and discipline, military justice historically lacked some of the constitutional protections afforded to civilians. This has led some courts to hesitate in allowing military convictions to trigger recidivism statutes. This article compares the current structure of military and civilian courts and examines the effects of Missouri State v. Grubb, which modifies Missouri's approach to recidivism.

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