The purpose of workers' compensation law is to relieve society from the burden of providing support to workers injured on the job by shifting the burden onto the employer. With advances in medical technology, Missouri courts have struggled to define "medical treatment' and "medical necessity" for the purpose of compensating injured workers. The Missouri Court of Appeals for the Western District of Missouri in Mickey v. City Wide Maintenance addressed the situation when a worker could recover for a service not explicitly covered under the definition of "medical treatment." The court found that a specially equipped van was "medical treatment" and was a "medical necessity." Thus, Mickey poses interesting questions about how courts will define "medical treatment" and "medical necessity" in future cases.
Jean M. Guignon,
Missouri's Workers' Compensation Law: Expanding the Definitions of Medical Treatment and Medical Necessity,
65 Mo. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/mlr/vol65/iss3/5