The common law approach to disclosure of latent defects in real property was caveat emptor, which meant sellers had no duty to disclose latent defects to purchasers.2 Most modem courts have mitigated the harshness of the doctrine by adopting a system that mandates disclosure by a seller of any latent defect3 material to the purchaser's decision to buy the property and whose existence is known by the seller. Droz v. Trump highlights a growing trend among a number of Missouri courts willing to further narrow the seller protections of caveat emptor in favor of protecting innocent purchasers of real property. Most significant in this case is the use of the affirmative representation doctrine to completely cancel the purchaser's duty to investigate latent defects.

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