In early American and English common law, intoxication evidence did not excuse or mitigate criminal behavior.! Any person who destroyed his or her volition through intoxication was equally as culpable as a sober person for the legal consequences of a self-induced vice.2 Voluntary drunkenness aggravated, rather than reduced, criminal liability
Derrick Augustus Carter,
Bifurcations of Consciousness: The Elimination of the Self-Induced Intoxication Excuse,
64 Mo. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/mlr/vol64/iss2/3