The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO") provides for both government causes of action and a private cause of action. The private cause of action is usually referred to as civil RICO In recent years, abortion clinics and other groups have used civil RICO in suits against violent protesters. The circuits had disagreed, however, on whether RICO requires the defendant to be economically motivated. The circuits had disagreed, however, on whether RICO. Therefore, abortion clinics and other potential plaintiffs were uncertain whether civil RICO was a viable option in suits against politically or religiously motivated protesters. Although the Court did not address the potential First Amendment issues facing civil RICO,' this Note suggests that civil RICO does not interfere with First Amendment protected expression.

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