ADR has become a topical issue in contemporary European procedural private law. Over the past fifteen years, European lawmakers have displayed particular interest in extra-judicial dispute resolution methods as part of a broader effort to promote better access to justice. For example, Directive 2008/52 sets out a framework for the use of mediation in cross-border disputes on civil and commercial matters. The European Commission's influential Recommendations 98/257 and 2001/310, which respectively deal with out-of-court dispute settlements and consensual dispute mechanisms, constitute a starting point for constructing a new approach to ADR. In March of 2013, the European Parliament and the European Council adopted a Directive and Regulation on Consumer ADR. These are the most recent initiatives in a series of efforts to enhance consumer redress while improving the functioning of the internal market
Europe's Role in Alternative Dispute Resolution: Off to a Good Start?,
2014 J. Disp. Resol.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/jdr/vol2014/iss2/5