This Article broadly defines compulsory ADR3 to include any process in which the parties experience a lack of free choice about their participation, other than a civil or criminal trial with full due process protections. Thus, it includes not only court-ordered ADR4 (or alternatives mandated by statute), but also judicial mediation, settlement conferences, non-mandatory summary jury trials, and other techniques5 in which there is pressure on litigants to forgo trials, at least temporarily, and to utilize alternatives to bring about settlement.6
Lucy V. Katz,
Compulsory Alternative Dispute Resolution and Voluntarism: Two-Headed Monster or Two Sides of the Coin ,
1993 J. Disp. Resol.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/jdr/vol1993/iss1/4