Lucy V. Katz


This Article broadly defines compulsory ADR3 to include any process in which the parties experience a lack of free choice about their participation, other than a civil or criminal trial with full due process protections. Thus, it includes not only court-ordered ADR4 (or alternatives mandated by statute), but also judicial mediation, settlement conferences, non-mandatory summary jury trials, and other techniques5 in which there is pressure on litigants to forgo trials, at least temporarily, and to utilize alternatives to bring about settlement.6



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