Currently, whether a court grants or denies a motion to vacate resulting from settlement depends more on the particular court in which the request is made, than on the facts of the case and the effect of vacatur. Courts not permitting vacatur have expressed the fear that parties sensing they are going to lose will "buy their way out of an unfavorable precedent often at the relatively cheap price asked by the single opponent they face in that appeal."1 Other courts routinely grant requests for vacatur. Settlements conditioned on the court's granting vacatur, and thereby avoiding precedent or issue preclusion, can be expected to increase as the use of court-annexed mediation at the appellate level expands.2
Elizabeth L. Anstaett,
Is Settlement Conditioned on Vacatur an Option - Should It Be,
1991 J. Disp. Resol.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/jdr/vol1991/iss1/7