This paper develops the idea that arbitral decision making has an analog in social science research.1 It asserts that the hypothesis testing procedure in social sciences is directly analogous to the arbitral process. The research format of an economist, sociologist, or psychologist might be as follows: 1. Generate the null (H.) and alternate (H) hypotheses to be tested. 2. Collect reliable and valid data relative to the hypothesis. 3. Evaluate and analyze this data by subjecting it to statistical tests. 4. Arrive at conclusions by accepting or rejecting the null hypothesis after statistical testing. 5. Explain and discuss findings



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