Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 2009


To negotiate constructively from the outset of a matter, some lawyers use a "Cooperative" process, giving parties an additional process option, especially if parties believe that mediation or Collaborative practice is not suitable. Cooperative practice offers parties the opportunity to have lawyers represent them in an interest-based process governed by a negotiation agreement-while retaining ready access to litigation if needed, without losing their lawyers as in Collaborative practice. Cooperative practice can increase interest-based negotiation in direct negotiation between lawyers, increase efficiency and satisfaction with negotiation, and influence the general legal culture to incorporate problem-solving in everyday practice more often.



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