Properly understood, “juvenile justice” encompasses all four primary categories of juvenile court jurisdiction - - abuse and neglect, adoption, status offenses and delinquency. I will concentrate today on delinquency - - what states have done with * children found to have committed acts that would be crimes if committed by adults.
Douglas E. Abrams, Lessons from Juvenile Justice History in the United States, 2004 J. Inst. Just. Int'l Stud. 7 (2004)