This Article argues that the Sherman Act regulates concerted employer activity in the labor market only if such activity restrains or attempts to restrain the product market. After discussing the legislative history of the Act, the Article examines and synthesizes two conflicting lines of cases. Finally, the Article suggests how courts should dispose of challenges to employer conduct and posits the basis for a unified theory of labor-antitrust law.
Robert H. II Jerry; Donald E. Knebel, Antiturst and Employer Restraints in Labor Markets, 6 Indus. Rel. L.J. 173, 254 (1984)