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Experts agree that international commercial arbitration relies far more heavily on written advocacy than litigation does, yet very few practitioners and arbitrators have ever received any specialized training in how to research and present written arguments in this unique area of law. Newcomers to the field are particularly disadvantaged, since the legal authorities used in international commercial arbitration are unique and novices often do not know how to find certain materials, if they are even aware that these items exist. This article helps deepen the understanding of the practice of international commercial arbitration by describing how experienced international advocates and arbitrators research, present and consider legal arguments in international commercial arbitration. The article, which is useful for practitioners and arbitrators at all levels and in all countries, also distinguishes mistakes typically made by lawyers trained in the common law from those made by lawyers trained in the civil law.



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