This article argues that it is time for a paradigm shift in our current general mediation theory because of numerous problems. Our current theory is incomplete at best and seriously misleading at worst. The traditional mediation models are oversimplified, poorly mapping onto the reality of practice. They combine multiple elements that are not necessarily correlated. Many practitioners ignore them because they are confusing or not helpful. People do not understand the theoretical meanings because the terms are not consistent with commonly understood language. Arguments about what is or is not real or good mediation have spawned unhelpful ideological divisions in the field.
John M. Lande,
Real Mediation Systems to Help Parties and Mediators Achieve Their Goals, 24 Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution 347
Available at: https://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/facpubs/1082