Amid general plenty, local and regional shortages of water have appeared in the eastern United States.1 These shortages are largely the result of intense concentrations of water demand on the more important rivers-rivers which, for the most part, are heavily polluted This problem is heightened by the fact that the location of major population and industrial centers has only partially depended on availability of water supplies. In many areas, local surface and ground water supplies are inadequate and water must be imported to make up the deficit." Moreover, demands on water supplies for supplementary irrigation, for hydro-electric power, and for recreational and conservation purposes are expected to become increasingly more acute., These shortages raise the question whether the existing riparian law5 in the East is adequate to the task of water allocation which lies ahead, or whether some other water right system should be substituted for riparianism.
Peter N. Davis, Australian and American Water Allocation Systems Compared, 9 B.C. Indus. & Com. L. Rev. 647 (1967-1968)