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This post highlights findings from the report of the ABA Section of Dispute Resolution Task Force on Research on Mediator Techniques. The report identified 47 studies from the past four decades that analyzed effects of particular mediator actions on certain mediation outcomes. The Task Force found that none of the categories of mediator actions has clear, uniform effects across the studies. In general, the studies found that some generally uncontroversial actions – such as eliciting suggestions, focusing on emotions and relationships, building trust, expressing empathy, praising disputants, and setting agendas – may or may not produce positive effects. It found that some of the more controversial actions – recommending particular settlements, offering evaluations, and pressing parties to settle – have the potential for both positive and negative effects.